TKT UNIT 13- LEARNER CHARACTERISTICS

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Hello to my readers.

I’m going to talk about this unit that talk about the learner characteristics which are:

  1. 1.       Learner’s motivation
  2. 2.       Learner’s learning styles
  3. 3.       Learner’s learning strategies
  4. 4.       Learner’s maturity

 (Learner characteristics.Learning conditions / processeshttp://www.google.com.mx/imgres.com)Image

 

On learner’s motivation we find the reflective: who needs time to consider and reflect and appears to learn slowly but he/she really learns profoundly; and the impulsive that responds immediately and has short attention. At this circumstance as teacher we need to use different strategies and use the right one based on the age and development.

Talking about learner’s learning styles we find that this is the way in which the learner begins to concentrate on something. This learning style influences on how we learn best. Here are some of the most important learning styles:

  • Visual: learner learns best through watching and looking.
  • Auditory: learner learns best through listening and hearing.
  • Kinesthetic: learner learns best through being physical, while moving or touching things.
  • Autonomous: learner likes to decide what he/she learns and how to learn.

On learning strategies we find that these are the ways that learners choose and use to learn a language. By using the right strategy that work for you in the right time can help you to learn the language better and to be more autonomous. Different learners use different strategies and this will make them more successful in their learning process.

On the last, maturity involves becoming grown up physically, mentally and emotionally. This means that depending on the age level you are standing on the way of learning will change.

  • Children: They need to move and cannot concentrate to long. They learn through experience and they are not afraid of making mistakes.
  • Teenagers: They are developing their concentration so they also need to move a little and they have more control of themselves but they are still afraid of what other may say about them.
  • Adults:  They can concentrate and keep still for longer periods and they may not be so willing to make mistakes or take risks.

O f course every learner is different so we may not see all this exact details on each one of them. And let’s not forget that each age group learns in a different way so they need to be taught in a different way.

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