Hi everyone.

As I said before, I am starting the second module of my TKT course and I feel really excited about it because in this Unit we talked about something I never thought about: AIMS. At this point of my course I realized I have to change a little bit my reflections so that I can cover all the material and this will eventually help me out for my Module 2 Test. So let’s see, first of all we need to cover the definitions we need to understand in this Unit.


1)      AIM. What the teacher wants to achieve in the lesson or in the course.

2)      MAIN AIM. Is the most important aim.

3)      SUBSIDIARY AIM. The secondary focus of the lesson, less important than the main aim. Example: A skill or language area which is practiced while focusing on the main aim.

4)      PERSONAL AIM. Is what the teacher would like to improve in his/her teaching. Example: to reduce the time I spend writing on the whiteboard.

5)      STAGE AIM. Aim or purpose of a stage, step or short section of a lesson. Example:

Procedure: Show students pictures of various holiday destinations. Ask them to talk about their last holiday.

Stage aims. To contextualize the topic of holidays.

(Definitions taken from Teaching knowledge tests Glossary and the TKT Course Book Second Edition)

*By separating aims by stages we can assure that every single activity has its own purpose.

As we see, having an AIM to apply in our teaching is the most important to keep in mind during our classes. We need to know where we want our students to go, how to guide them there and what are the abilities they will reach or as simple as what they will be able to do after certain topics.

  • It is important to keep in mind that the syllabus (the course programme) or course book will guide us on how to do the planning for our teaching.
  • Aims are not the same as procedures. Aims tell us what our students will learn and how to reach it while procedure tells us what are the stages to get there.
  • We need to write a more specific aim for example:  By the end of the lesson, learners will be able to ask and answer in a formal way.
  • It is important to have the main aim to then focus on the type of activities we will need, procedures and timing.
  • Let’s make sure that our learners understand why they are doing certain activities by letting them know the main aim of the class.


I realized that and OBJECTIVE or AIM is not the only important thing to consider while planning but it is the teaching material that will help us consider what steps our learners will need to follow to reach our main aim and to know as teachers what changes to make on the next activity (what worked and what didn’t worked) .


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